The following video is a podcast episode hosted by Dr. Richard Visser, a former minister of health and sports with a PhD in medical sciences. This episode is the first of a three-part series dedicated to stem cells, where Dr. Visser explains the basics of stem cells, their current uses, and potential future applications.
Dr. Visser begins by explaining that stem cells are the building blocks of our organs, playing a crucial role in growth, development, and regeneration. He gives examples of how our body continuously regenerates cells, such as skin cells being completely replaced every month and intestinal cells every couple of days.
He then categorizes stem cells into two types: embryonic and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells, derived from embryos during the early stages of development, can turn into any cell type but are ethically controversial. Adult stem cells, which include cells from newborns like umbilical cord stem cells, are currently used in treatments.
Dr. Visser discusses various sources of adult stem cells, including bone marrow, adipose tissue (fat), chondroblasts (cartilage-producing cells), synovial fluid (for joint maintenance and repair), and skin fibroblasts. He also mentions Wharton’s jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells, which are his favorite due to their potency and versatility.
He further explains that stem cells have revolutionized medicine and research, offering potential treatments for a wide range of diseases and injuries. They can be used for regenerative medicine, cell replacement therapy, and drug development. He also mentions that stem cells are being used in treatments for conditions like heart attacks, strokes, Parkinson’s disease, and diabetes.
Dr. Visser also interviews Professor Dr. İbrahim Halil Yıldırım, a professor of microbiology and genetics, about the use of stem cells in Turkey. They discuss the use of stem cells in various medical fields, including longevity, wellness, muscular necrosis, osteoarthritis, plastic surgery, gynecology, and neurological disorders.
Check out the full episode below: